1/4 C hoisin sauce
1/4 C soy sauce
1/4 C honey
1/4 C Shaoxing wine or dry sherry
1 t Chinese five-spice powder
3 lbs boneless pork shoulder
Whisk the hoisin, soy sauce, honey, wine, and five-spice together in a small bowl. Transfer the marinade to a zip-top bag.
For quick-cooking, crusty, slightly chewy char
Slice the shoulder into 1/2 inch-thick slabs, then slice the slabs into 2-inch-long strips. Add to the marinade and marinate in the refrigerator for at least 12 hours and up to 48 hours.
Heat the oven to 400°F. Line a rimmed baking sheet with foil.
Remove the pork from the marinade, scraping off any excess. Lay the pork on a cooling rack or roasting rack set on the lined baking sheet. Roast for 15 minutes, then flip and roast until the fat is sizzling and the pork is cooked through, 10 to 15 minutes longer. Let rest a couple minutes before slicing and serving.
For shreddy, melty glazed pork shoulder:
Leave the meat in one piece, place it in the bag with the marinade, and marinate in the refrigerator for at least 24 hours and up to 48 hours. Remove from the refrigerator 1 hour before roasting.
Heat the oven to 300°F.
Set the pork in a roasting pan, reserving the marinade for basting. Roast the pork until the meat is completely tender, 4 to 5 hours, then baste with some of the reserved marinade.
Continue roasting and basting every 10 minutes or so until the pork is coated in a thick, shiny glaze, about 1 hour longer.
Remove from the oven and let rest 20 minutes before devouring.
Along with roast duck and crackly skinned pork, char siu—sweet, sticky, brick-red roast pork—is a fundamental part of Cantonese food, whether it’s stuffed into pillowy steamed buns or sliced thin on top of noodles. The results of this char siu recipe are worthy of hanging from a metal hook in a neon-lit window in Chinatown. Cut the pork shoulder into strips for quick cooking and to maximize roasty, crusty, glazy bits, or leave it whole to make a glazed roast you can pull apart at the dinner table. With rice and A warm vegetable, it’s a feast.