Pressure Cooker Cuban Pork

8 garlic cloves
Juice of 1 grapefruit (about 2/3 cup)
Finely grated zest and juice of 1 lime
3 tablespoons extra-virgin olive oil
2 tablespoons light brown sugar
1 tablespoon fresh oregano leaves
2 teaspoons ground cumin
1 ½ tablespoons kosher salt, plus more to taste
1 4- to 5-pound boneless pork shoulder, cut into 4 pieces
1 bay leaf
Chopped fresh cilantro leaves, for serving
Lime wedges, for serving
Hot Sauce, for serving
Tortillas, for serving (optional)
Fresh tomato salsa, for serving (optional)

In a blender or mini food processor, combine the garlic, grapefruit juice, lime zest and juice, 2 tablespoons of the oil, brown sugar, oregano, cumin, and salt; process until blended. Transfer to a large bowl and add the pork and bay leaf; toss to combine. Marinate, covered, at room temperature for 1 hour (or refrigerate for up to 6 hours).

Using the sauté function set on high if available, heat the remaining 1 tablespoon oil in the pressure cooker (or use a large skillet). Remove the pork from the marinade, reserving the marinade, and shake the meat to remove any excess liquid. Cook until it is browned on all sides, about 12 minutes (you will need to do this in batches, transferring the browned pork pieces to a plate as you go).

When all the pork is browned, return the pieces to the pot along with any juices from the plate. (If you used a skillet, add 1 tablespoon water and use a wooden spoon to scrape the skillet well to include all the browned bits stuck to the bottom.) Add the reserved marinade to the pot. Cover and cook on high pressure for 80 minutes. Let the pressure release naturally.

Remove the pork from the cooking liquid (jus). Taste the jus, and if it seems bland or too thin, boil it down either in the pressure cooker on the sauté setting or in a separate pot on the stove until it thickens slightly and intensifies in flavor, 7 to 15 minutes. Remove the bay leaf and add a bit of salt if necessary. If you’d like to degrease the jus, use a fat separator to do so, or just let the jus settle and spoon the fat off the top.

Shred the meat, using your hands or two forks. Toss the meat with the jus to taste (be generous—1 1/2 to 2 cups should do it), and serve with cilantro, lime wedges, and hot sauce.

Braised Eggplant with Minced Pork

1 teaspoon salt, plus more to taste
2 pounds eggplant, cubed
8 ounces ground pork
2 teaspoons Shaoxing wine
1/4 teaspoon freshly ground white pepper
2 teaspoons, plus 1 tablespoon light soy sauce (divided)
1/2 teaspoon sesame oil
1/2 teaspoon cornstarch
10 ounces dried spaghetti or noodles
1 tablespoon, plus 3 tablespoons oil (divided)
1/2 green bell pepper, diced
1 tablespoon minced ginger
1 tablespoon minced garlic
1 red chili, chopped
2 tablespoons ground bean sauce
1 teaspoon dark soy sauce
1 tablespoon oyster sauce
1/4 cup chopped cilantro (optional)

Dissolve 1 teaspoon of salt into 8 cups of water in a large bowl. Soak the cubed eggplant in the salt water for 15 minutes. After 15 minutes, drain the eggplant, and use your hands or a clean dish towel to squeeze the water out of it. Set aside. This step helps the eggplant cook faster and absorb less oil later on.

In a separate bowl, mix the ground pork with 2 teaspoons Shaoxing wine, 1/4 teaspoon ground white pepper, 2 teaspoons light soy sauce, 1/2 teaspoon sesame oil, 1/2 teaspoon cornstarch, and 2 teaspoons water. Marinate for 15-20 minutes.
Next, cook the spaghetti (or noodles) according to the package instructions. Drain, and set aside.

Meanwhile, heat 1 tablespoon of oil in a clean wok over medium heat, and cook the bell pepper for about a minute. Transfer the peppers to a dish, and set aside.

Next, heat 3 tablespoons of oil in the wok over low heat. Cook the ginger and garlic for about a minute. Add the chili, and cook for another minute. Add the ground bean sauce, and cook for another minute. Then add the pork, and turn up the heat. When the pork is browned, add the eggplant, and stir-fry everything together thoroughly.

Cook for a couple of minutes before adding 1 tablespoon light soy sauce, 1 teaspoon dark soy sauce, 1 tablespoon oyster sauce, and 2 cups water. Mix everything together well, cover, and simmer for 15 minutes over medium heat, or until the eggplant is tender. At this point in the cooking process, there should be plenty of sauce in the wok. The starch from the spaghetti or noodles will help thicken it.

Lastly, add the bell pepper, cooked noodles, and chopped cilantro to the wok (if using). Mix everything well, add salt to taste, and serve immediately!

Chendu-Style Sichuan Fried Rice

5 ounces Jinhua ham or any standard Asian salt cured ham
5 tablespoons oil
1 packet of suimi ya cai (2.8 oz./80g)
6 scallions, chopped
7 cups cooked jasmine rice
1/4 teaspoon white pepper
1 tablespoon Shaoxing wine
4 eggs, beaten

Place the jinhua ham in a heatproof bowl or plate. Heat up your choice of steaming device (e.g., an actual steamer pot, a wok with water and a metal rack, etc.), and steam the ham for 15 minutes.

Remove from the steamer and cool. Chop up the ham and then mince it finely.

Next, heat 5 tablespoons of oil in the the wok over high heat. Add the ham and stir fry until it’s lightly crisped at the edges. Add the suimi ya cai and stir fry for 2 minutes until fragrant. Add the scallions and stir-fry until the scallions get lightly blistered.

Add the rice to the wok and stir fry to distribute the ingredients evenly. Spread the rice out in one layer and let “fry” for 2 minutes. Add the white pepper and Shaoxing wine. Stir the rice to combine.

Spread out again and let the rice fry for another 2 minutes. Stir to combine, and spread it out and let it fry again. Next, drizzle the beaten eggs over the rice. Stir fry the rice, allowing the egg to cook and distribute throughout. Serve!

Red Roast Pork

1/4 C hoisin sauce
1/4 C soy sauce
1/4 C honey
1/4 C Shaoxing wine or dry sherry
1 t Chinese five-spice powder
3 lbs boneless pork shoulder

Whisk the hoisin, soy sauce, honey, wine, and five-spice together in a small bowl. Transfer the marinade to a zip-top bag.

For quick-cooking, crusty, slightly chewy char

Slice the shoulder into 1/2 inch-thick slabs, then slice the slabs into 2-inch-long strips. Add to the marinade and marinate in the refrigerator for at least 12 hours and up to 48 hours.
 
Heat the oven to 400°F. Line a rimmed baking sheet with foil.
 
Remove the pork from the marinade, scraping off any excess. Lay the pork on a cooling rack or roasting rack set on the lined baking sheet. Roast for 15 minutes, then flip and roast until the fat is sizzling and the pork is cooked through, 10 to 15 minutes longer. Let rest a couple minutes before slicing and serving.

For shreddy, melty glazed pork shoulder:

Leave the meat in one piece, place it in the bag with the marinade, and marinate in the refrigerator for at least 24 hours and up to 48 hours. Remove from the refrigerator 1 hour before roasting.

Heat the oven to 300°F.
 
Set the pork in a roasting pan, reserving the marinade for basting. Roast the pork until the meat is completely tender, 4 to 5 hours, then baste with some of the reserved marinade.

Continue roasting and basting every 10 minutes or so until the pork is coated in a thick, shiny glaze, about 1 hour longer.

Remove from the oven and let rest 20 minutes before devouring.

Along with roast duck and crackly skinned pork, char siu—sweet, sticky, brick-red roast pork—is a fundamental part of Cantonese food, whether it’s stuffed into pillowy steamed buns or sliced thin on top of noodles. The results of this char siu recipe are worthy of hanging from a metal hook in a neon-lit window in Chinatown. Cut the pork shoulder into strips for quick cooking and to maximize roasty, crusty, glazy bits, or leave it whole to make a glazed roast you can pull apart at the dinner table. With rice and A warm vegetable, it’s a feast.

Rice Noodles with Spicy Pork and Herbs

1 pound thin, round rice noodles
2 tablespoons rice vinegar
1 tablespoon soy sauce
1 tablespoon black vinegar
1 tablespoon chile oil (like Lao Gan Ma brand)
1 teaspoon sugar
1 tablespoon canola or other neutral oil
1/2 pound ground pork
1 teaspoon salt
2 garlic cloves, sliced
1 1-inch piece ginger, chopped
2 scallions, light parts chopped, green parts reserved for garnish
1 tablespoon yacai (Sichuan preserved vegetables, optional)
Handful of herbs like mint, basil and cilantro leaves, washed
1/4 cup salted, roasted peanuts, chopped
4 breakfast radishes, sliced (optional)

Bring a large pot of water to boil, and cook noodles according to instructions. Drain noodles while running under cold water, until they are cool to the touch. Set aside. Mix dressing by whisking rice vinegar, soy sauce, black vinegar, chile oil and sugar until sugar dissolves. Set aside.

Cook the pork topping: Heat oil in saucepan over medium heat, and add ground pork and salt. Pan-fry, breaking meat into small pieces with a wooden spoon, until no pink parts and no liquid remain in the pan, about 5 minutes.

Add garlic, ginger and scallion whites, and stir occasionally until the raw smell has disappeared and the meat is starting to brown in places, about 5 minutes.

Add the vegetables, if using, along with a tablespoon of water, and cook for 2 or 3 minutes more, or until mixture is darkened and thick. Set aside.

When you’re ready to serve, divide cool, drained noodles into four individual bowls, and top each with a tablespoon of vinegar dressing followed by a pile of ground pork, herbs, peanuts and radishes, to taste. Serve with any remaining garnish, and additional chile oil and chile-oil solids, on the side.

Braised Pork with Red Wine

2 pounds boneless pork shoulder, cut into large chunks
Salt and pepper
2 cups fruity red wine, like Beaujolais or Burgundy (pinot noir)
1 cup good stock, or water
1 pound fat carrots, peeled and cut into large chunks
10 cloves garlic, more or less, peeled
2 tablespoons butter

Cooked egg noodles for serving
Chopped fresh parsley leaves for garnish

Combine pork, salt and pepper to taste, wine, stock, carrots and garlic in a saucepan, Dutch oven or slow cooker. Bring to a boil, then adjust heat so that mixture simmers steadily but not vigorously. (If using a slow cooker, just turn it to ”high” and let cook for at least three hours.)

Cook, stirring every half-hour or so, until meat is very tender and just about falling apart, at least an hour and most likely a bit longer. Use a slotted spoon to remove solid ingredients to a bowl, then turn heat to high. (If using a slow cooker, transfer liquid to a saucepan for this step.) Reduce to about a cup, or even less. Taste and adjust seasoning, then lower heat and stir in butter.

Add solids to sauce and reheat. Serve over egg noodles, garnished with parsley.

Vietnamese Slow Cooked Pork

FOR THE PORK:
1 tablespoon sesame oil
1 medium-size yellow onion, peeled and diced
8 cloves garlic, peeled and minced
2 tablespoons fresh ginger, peeled and minced
1/2 cup hoisin sauce
1/4 cup fish sauce
1 tablespoon sriracha sauce
1/2 bone-in pork shoulder, skin and fat removed, approximately 5 pounds
12 to 16 flour tortillas, warmed

FOR THE SLAW:
1/3 cup rice vinegar
2 teaspoons grated fresh ginger
1 tablespoon sesame oil
2 tablespoons neutral oil, like peanut or grapeseed
1 teaspoon sriracha sauce, or to taste
1 small green cabbage, cored and sliced thinly
2 medium-size cucumbers, peeled and sliced into julienne
2 medium-size carrots, peeled and sliced into julienne
1 Asian pear, peeled, cored and sliced into julienne
1/2 bunch fresh cilantro, rinsed, dried and roughly chopped

Prepare the pork: Place a sauté pan over medium-high heat. After a minute or so, swirl in the sesame oil and then the onions, stirring to combine. Sauté for about 5 minutes, then add the garlic and continue to cook until the onions are soft and becoming translucent. Turn off the heat, stir in the ginger and set aside.

Add the hoisin sauce and the fish sauce to the pan, and stir to combine, loosening the mixture with a little less than half a cup of water. Add sriracha sauce to taste.

Put a few spoonfuls of the sauce in the bottom of a slow cooker, then nestle the pork on top of it. Pour the remaining sauce over the top of the pork. Cover the slow cooker and cook on low for 5 to 7 hours, or until the pork shreds easily with a fork. Remove the pork from the slow cooker and allow to rest for a few minutes.

Meanwhile, make the slaw: Put the vinegar, ginger, sesame oil, neutral oil and sriracha sauce in a large bowl and whisk to combine. Add the cabbage, cucumbers, carrots and Asian pear and toss to combine.

Shred the pork with a pair of forks. Discard bones. Return the pulled pork to the slow cooker and stir to combine with the juices. Serve with the slaw and warmed tortillas, with the cilantro on the side.

Grilled Pork with Nuoc Cham

2 tablespoons fresh lime juice
2 tablespoons fish sauce
1/2 teaspoon sugar
1 small garlic clove, finely chopped
1 tablespoon finely chopped cilantro stems, plus leaves for serving
2 1-inch-thick boneless pork shoulder steaks (about 1 pound each)
Kosher salt, freshly ground pepper
2 tablespoons olive oil

Prepare a grill for medium heat. Whisk lime juice, fish sauce, sugar, and 1 Tbsp. water in a small bowl until sugar is dissolved. Stir in garlic and cilantro stems; set nuoc cham aside.

Place pork on a rimmed baking sheet and season generously on both sides with salt and pepper, then drizzle with oil and turn pork to coat. Grill, turning often and moving around on grill to prevent flare-ups, until lightly charred all over and an instant-read thermometer inserted into the center registers 140° for medium), 12–15 minutes. Transfer meat to a cutting board and let rest 10 minutes before slicing.

Spoon some of nuoc cham over pork and top with cilantro leaves. Serve remaining sauce alongside.

Pork Tenderloin Braised with Elderflower

2 tablespoons canola oil
2 pork tenderloins (12 ounces each), sliced crosswise 1 1/2 inches thick and lightly pounded
1 teaspoon fennel seeds, chopped
1 teaspoon cracked black peppercorns
Salt
2 fennel bulbs—cored and thinly sliced
1 large onion, halved and thinly sliced
1 1/2 cups dry white wine
1/2 cup elderflower cordial
5 thyme sprigs
2 bay leaves

In a skillet, heat 1 tablespoon of the oil. Sprinkle the pork with the fennel seeds and peppercorns and season with salt. Add the pork to the skillet and cook over high heat, turning once, until lightly browned, 5 minutes. Transfer the pork to a plate.

Add the remaining 1 tablespoon of oil to the skillet. Add the sliced fennel and onion; cover and cook over moderate heat, stirring occasionally, until softened, 7 minutes. Add the wine, cordial and herbs and cook until the liquid is reduced by half, 5 minutes.

Return the pork and any accumulated juices to the skillet. Cover and simmer over low heat until the pork is cooked through, 10 minutes. Discard the herbs and serve.

Roast Pork with Mustard, Shallots, and Carrots

1/4 cup Dijon mustard
1/4 cup whole-grain mustard
Finely grated zest of 1 lemon
1 tablespoon chopped thyme
1 tablespoon unsalted butter, softened
One 3-pound boneless pork loin roast, trimmed of all fat
Salt and freshly ground pepper
1 pound baby carrots, peeled
16 large shallots, peeled
1/2 cup dry white wine
12 garlic cloves, unpeeled
1/4 teaspoon crushed red pepper
1 1/4 cups chicken stock or low-sodium broth
2 tablespoons extra-virgin olive oil
1 tablespoon sherry vinegar

In a small bowl, whisk the Dijon and whole-grain mustards with the grated lemon zest, thyme and butter. Set 2 tablespoons of the mustard mixture aside. Season the pork with salt and pepper and spread the rest of the mustard mixture all over it. Let stand at room temperature for 2 hours or refrigerate overnight.

Preheat the oven to 350;. In a medium saucepan of boiling salted water, blanch the carrots for 2 minutes. Using a slotted spoon, transfer the carrots to a bowl. Add the shallots to the saucepan and cook for 4 minutes. Drain and halve the shallots lengthwise and add to the carrots. Add the wine, garlic, crushed red pepper, 1/4 cup of the stock and 1 tablespoon of the olive oil to the vegetables and toss well. Spread the vegetables around the edge of a shallow roasting pan, setting the shallots cut sides down. Leave enough room in the center for the pork.

In a large nonstick skillet, heat the remaining 1 tablespoon of olive oil. Add the pork loin and cook over moderately high heat until browned on 2 sides, about 6 minutes total. Nestle the pork in the vegetables and roast for about 45 minutes. Turn the pan 180 degrees, add 1/2 cup of the stock and roast for about 20 minutes longer, until an instant-read thermometer inserted into the thickest part of the meat registers 140;

Transfer the pork to a board. Roast the vegetables on the bottom shelf for 15 minutes longer, until very tender; transfer to a bowl and keep warm. Set the roasting pan over moderately high heat, add the remaining 1/2 cup of stock and simmer for about 1 minute, scraping up the browned bits. Add the vinegar and bring to a simmer. Off the heat, whisk in the reserved 2 tablespoons of mustard and season with salt and pepper. Slice the pork and serve with the vegetables and sauce.

Vietnamese Grilled Pork Chops and Cold Noodle Salad

For the Marinated Pork:
1 teaspoon baking soda
1 1/2 pounds (680g) thin-cut pork chops, preferably from the blade end, or boneless country-style pork ribs, cut into 1/4-inch strips (see note)
3 stalks lemongrass, white and light green parts only, thinly sliced (about 1 ounce; 30g after trimming)
3 tablespoons shallot (from 1 large shallot), roughly chopped (about 5 ounces; 130g)
4 medium cloves garlic, roughly chopped (about 3/4 ounce; 20g)
1/3 cup palm or light brown sugar (about 3 ounces; 85g)
1/3 cup (80ml) Asian fish sauce
2 tablespoons (30ml) soy sauce
1 teaspoon (2g) cornstarch
2 tablespoons (30ml) vegetable oil

For Serving:
1 (14-ounce) package rice vermicelli, soaked in hot water, drained, and chilled (according to package directions)
1/4 cup (6g) coarsely chopped fresh mint and/or perilla (shiso) leaves
1/4 cup (6g) cilantro leaves and tender stems
1 cup thinly sliced Persian cucumbers (about 4 cucumbers; 100g)
Pickled daikon and carrots
1/2 cup (3 ounces) crushed unsalted peanuts
Nuoc cham (Vietnamese dipping sauce)
Lime wedges

For the Marinated Pork: In a large zipper-lock bag, combine baking soda with 1/2 cup (120ml) water and swish until baking soda is dissolved. Add pork, press out air, and seal bag. Refrigerate for 15 minutes. Drain pork, rinse under cold running water, and pat dry. Rinse zipper-lock bag and reserve.

Meanwhile, if using a mortar and pestle, crush lemongrass, shallot, garlic, and palm sugar to form a rough paste. If using a food processor, combine lemongrass, shallot, garlic, and palm sugar and pulse, scraping down sides, to form a rough paste.

Transfer paste to a bowl and whisk in fish sauce, soy sauce, cornstarch, and vegetable oil. Add pork, tossing to coat. Transfer pork to reserved zipper-lock bag, press out air, and seal. Marinate at room temperature, turning pork once or twice, for 30 minutes. Alternatively, refrigerate up to 12 hours.

If using a charcoal grill, light 1 chimney full of charcoal. When all charcoal is lit and covered with gray ash, pour out and arrange coals on one side of charcoal grate. Set cooking grate in place, cover grill, and allow to preheat for 5 minutes. Alternatively, set half the burners on a gas grill to the highest heat setting, cover, and preheat for 10 minutes. Clean and oil grilling grate.

Grill pork directly over high heat, turning frequently and shifting to cooler side of grill if there are excessive flare-ups, until pork is charred and just cooked through, 3 to 4 minutes total.

Fill serving bowls with chilled noodles, then top with pork, herbs, cucumber, pickled carrot and daikon, and peanuts. Drizzle everything with nuoc cham and serve with lime wedges.

Mojo-Marinated Pork Kebabs with Mango

For the Brined Pork:
2 quarts ice-cold water
1/3 cup kosher salt, plus more for seasoning
1/4 cup sugar
2 pounds center-cut pork chops, 1 1/2 inches thick each

For the Mojo Marinade:
2 tablespoons freshly minced garlic (about 6 medium cloves)
1/2 teaspoon kosher salt, plus more for seasoning
1/2 cup fresh sour orange juice, or 1/4 cup lime juice mixed with 1/4 cup orange juice
1/4 cup extra-virgin olive oil
1/2 teaspoon dried oregano
1/2 teaspoon cumin
Freshly ground black pepper

For the Skewers:
2 whole mangos, slightly underripe, peeled, cored, and cut into 1 1/2-inch squares
Wooden skewers, soaked in water for at least 30 minutes prior to use

For the Brine: In a large bowl, whisk together water, salt, and sugar until solids are dissolved. Place pork chops in brine and refrigerate at least 30 and up to 60 minutes.

For the Marinade: Place garlic in a mortar and pestle. Add the 1/2 teaspoon salt and work into a smooth paste. In a small bowl, whisk together garlic, sour orange juice, oil, oregano, and cumin. Season with salt and pepper.

For the Skewers: Remove pork chops from brine and pat dry. Cut pork into 1 1/2-inch cubes, trimming any large pieces of excess fat and discarding bones. Place pork cubes in a large resealable plastic bag. Pour in marinade and seal bag, removing as much air as possible. Place in refrigerator and marinate for at least 1 and up to 5 hours.

Thread pork onto skewers, alternating with mango cubes.

Light one chimney full of charcoal. When all charcoal is lit and covered with gray ash, pour out and spread the coals evenly over entire surface of coal grate. Set cooking grate in place, cover grill and allow to preheat for 5 minutes. Clean and oil the grilling grate. Grill skewers until well browned on all sides and center of pork registers between 140-145°F on an instant-read thermometer, 3-4 minutes per side. Transfer skewers to platter and let rest for 5 minutes. Serve immediately.

Balinese Pork Satay (Sate Babi)

For the Spice Paste:
1 (1-inch) knob fresh turmeric, peeled (about 10g), or 1 teaspoon (4g) ground turmeric
2 stalks lemongrass, bottom 4 inches only, outer layers and root removed, thinly sliced (about 80g)
8 medium cloves garlic, sliced (about 60g)
2 small shallots, sliced (about 75g)
3 whole dried pasilla or guajillo chilies, stems and seeds removed, roughly chopped (about 40g)
2 tablespoons (about 30g) palm sugar or brown sugar
2 teaspoons (about 6g) whole coriander seed
1 tablespoon (about 9g) whole white peppercorns
Kosher salt
2 pounds (1kg) boneless pork shoulder, cut into 3/4-inch cubes

For the Glaze:
1 cup kecap manis (8 ounces; 240ml) (see note above)
1/4 cup sugar (about 2 ounces; 50g), plus more if needed
1 (2-inch) knob ginger, roughly chopped
4 medium cloves garlic, roughly chopped

For the Dipping Sauce:
10 ounces roasted peanuts (285g; about 1 1/2 cups)
1/4 cup (60ml) vegetable or canola oil, divided
1 ounce (30g) tamarind pulp, soaked and strained (see note above), or 2 teaspoons (10ml) tamarind concentrate
1 tablespoon (15ml) kecap manis or fish sauce
Water, as necessary
Sugar, to taste

For the Spice Paste: Combine turmeric, lemongrass, garlic, shallots, chilies, sugar, coriander, white peppercorns, and 2 teaspoons (8g) kosher salt in a mortar and pestle, working in batches if necessary. Pound into a fine paste. (For an easier method, pound in the mortar and pestle until a rough paste is formed, then transfer to a food processor to reduce to a fine paste. I do not recommend using the food processor alone if you want maximum flavor.) Divide mixture into thirds.

Combine pork and 1/3 of spice paste in a large bowl and toss with your hands until all of pork is thoroughly coated in the mixture. Cover and refrigerate for at least 45 minutes or up to overnight. Thread pork onto skewers. To do this efficiently, cut an onion or potato in half and place it on your cutting board. Place a piece of pork on top of it and push through it with the skewer. Repeat until each skewer has about 6 inches of pork threaded onto it. Pork should be pushed together quite tightly. Discard onion half (or grill it) after use. Keep pork skewers refrigerated until ready to cook.

For the Glaze: Meanwhile, combine kecap manis, sugar, ginger, and garlic in a small saucepan and bring to a simmer over medium-low heat. Cook until glaze is thick enough to coat the back of a spoon. Stir in 1/3 of spice paste and adjust seasoning with more sugar as necessary. Strain mixture through a fine-mesh strainer, using the back of a spoon to extract as much liquid as possible. Discard solids. Leftover glaze can be stored indefinitely in a covered container in the refrigerator.

For the Dipping Sauce: Pound peanuts in the mortar and pestle until reduced to a rough powder. Heat 2 tablespoons (30ml) oil in a medium skillet over medium-high heat until shimmering. Add remaining 1/3 of spice paste and cook, stirring, until fragrant, about 1 minute. Add peanuts, tamarind juice, remaining oil, kecap manis or fish sauce, and 1/2 cup water. Stir to combine. Once liquid comes to a simmer and turns creamy, adjust consistency with more water as necessary to produce a creamy sauce that just barely flows. Season to taste with a little sugar if desired. Leftover sauce can be stored for several weeks in a covered container in the refrigerator.

To Cook: Light one chimney full of charcoal. When all the charcoal is lit and covered with gray ash, pour out and arrange coals on one side of charcoal grate. Set cooking grate in place, cover grill, and allow to preheat for 5 minutes. Alternatively, set half the burners on a gas grill to the highest heat setting, cover, and preheat for 10 minutes. Clean and oil the grilling grate.

Working in batches as necessary, place pork directly over hot side of grill. Immediately start fanning coals or flames with a large piece of cardboard or with the hose of a Shop-Vac to prevent flare-ups. Cook, fanning constantly and turning pork occasionally, until pork is cooked through and browned on all sides, about 6 minutes total. Transfer pork to cooler side of grill and brush on all sides with glaze. Return to hot side of grill and cook, turning, just until glaze starts to bubble and get sticky, about 45 seconds. Transfer skewers to a serving platter and repeat until all pork is cooked.

Brush pork with another layer of glaze just before serving and serve with peanut sauce on the side or spooned on top.

Garlic Chives with Pork (Cang Ying Tou)

3 tablespoons oil, divided
10 ounces ground pork (or ground chicken, turkey, or beef)
2 teaspoons Shaoxing wine
2 tablespoons light soy sauce, divided
1/4 teaspoon sugar
1/2 tablespoon finely chopped ginger
1 tablespoon finely chopped garlic
1/4 cup (35 grams) fermented black beans, rinsed and drained
1/2 cup finely diced fresh red long hot peppers (or red bell peppers)
12 ounces garlic chives, cut into ?-inch pieces
1/2 teaspoon sesame oil

Preheat your wok over high heat until it starts to smoke slightly. Turn down the heat, and let the wok cool down a bit before adding 1 tablespoon of the oil. (This step of superheating the wok before adding oil prevents the meat from sticking to the wok. This method works well for pan-frying anything–fish included.)

Once the oil is heated, turn the heat down to medium, and add the ground pork. Cook it until the meat is lightly browned. Add in the Shaoxing wine, 1/2 tablespoon light soy sauce, and the sugar. Mix well, turn off the heat, and transfer the cooked meat to a bowl.

Now turn the heat down to low, and add the last 2 tablespoons of oil and the ginger. Cook it for a minute, then add the garlic and fermented black beans. Cook everything for a minute or two, taking care to avoid burning.

Next, add peppers, and turn the heat up to high. Stir fry everything together, and let it cook for a minute uncovered. Then, add in the cooked pork and garlic chives (if you use scapes, you will need to extend the cooking time at the end for 1-2 minutes with the wok lid on) and stir-fry.

Now it’s time to add in the remaining light soy sauce (1½ tablespoons) and the sesame oil. Stir-fry to combine. At this point, you can salt to taste, but the fermented black beans are quite salt. But be fast about it, because the garlic chives cook quickly.

Transfer to a dish and serve with steamed rice.

Garlic and Citrus-Grilled Pork Shoulder

1 tablespoon extra-virgin olive oil, plus more for brushing
4 garlic cloves, crushed
1 tablespoon fresh oregano leaves
1 teaspoon ground cumin
Kosher salt
Freshly ground pepper
1 cup fresh lime juice (about 6 limes)
1/4 cup fresh orange juice
1 onion, thinly sliced
One 6-pound skinless, bone-in pork shoulder
30 to 40 pounds hardwood charcoal

In a mortar, combine the 1 tablespoon of olive oil with the garlic, oregano, cumin, 1 tablespoon of salt and 1 1/2 teaspoons of pepper; pound to a paste. Scrape the paste into a small bowl and whisk in the lime and orange juices. Pour the marinade into a very large resealable plastic bag and add the onion and pork shoulder. Carefully seal the bag, pressing out any air, and turn to coat the pork. Put the bag in a large baking dish and refrigerate overnight, turning occasionally.

Remove the pork from the bag and strain the marinade into a medium bowl. Pat the pork dry and let stand at room temperature for 45 minutes.

Light a hardwood charcoal fire and set up the grill for indirect cooking; you’ll need to replenish the hot coals periodically to maintain the heat. Brush the pork with olive oil and season generously with salt and pepper. Grill the pork over indirect heat for 4 to 5 hours, turning and basting with the reserved marinade every 30 minutes until the roast is almost done; move the roast further from or closer to the fire as needed to keep it cooking at a constant heat. The roast is done when an instant-read thermometer inserted in the thickest part near the bone registers 160.

Transfer the pork to a carving board, tent with foil and let rest for 30 minutes. Carve into thin slices and serve.

Pork Posole

4 pounds pork butt, cut into 1 1/2-inch cubes
1 head of garlic, halved crosswise
1 onion, quartered
10 cups water
Two 28-ounce cans hominy, drained and rinsed
2 tablespoons dried oregano
1/2 teaspoon cayenne pepper
Kosher salt and freshly ground pepper
Chopped cilantro, chopped red onion, chopped jalapeño and lime wedges, for serving

In a large soup pot, bring the pork, garlic, onion and water to a simmer. Cover and cook over low heat until the pork is very tender, about 2 hours.

Transfer the pork to a large bowl. Strain the broth into the bowl; discard the garlic and onion. Return the pork and broth to the pot and skim any fat from the broth. Stir in the hominy, oregano and cayenne and season the broth with salt and pepper. Bring to a simmer. Ladle the posole into bowls. Pass with the cilantro, red onion, jalapeno and lime wedges at the table.

Pressure Cooker Carnitas

2 1/4 pounds boneless pork shoulder, cut into 3/4-inch pieces
1 teaspoon achiote paste
1 teaspoon pure ancho chile powder
1 teaspoon pure chipotle chile powder
Salt
Vegetable oil for frying
Warm corn tortillas, cilantro and lime wedges, for serving

Pour 1/4 inch of water into a pressure cooker and add the pork. Cover and cook at 15 PSI (see Note) for 25 minutes, regulating the heat to prevent excessive steam from escaping through the valve. Turn off the heat and wait for the pressure cooker to depressurize so that the lid can be removed without force, about 10 minutes. Using a slotted spoon, transfer the meat to a strainer. Stir the achiote paste and both chile powders into the pan juices and season with salt.

In a medium skillet, heat 1/2 inch of oil until shimmering. Working in batches, fry the pork over high heat, turning once, until crispy, 3 minutes. Season with salt. Add the meat to the sauce and stir to coat. Serve the carnitas with tortillas, cilantro and lime wedges.

Tacos al Pastor

1 tablespoon canola oil, plus more for brushing
3 garlic cloves
1 teaspoon dried oregano
1/2 teaspoon ground cumin
1/2 teaspoon pepper
1/4 teaspoon ground cloves
4 guajillo chiles—stemmed, seeded and cut into 2-inch pieces
1/3 cup pineapple juice
1/4 cup distilled white vinegar
2 tablespoons achiote paste
Sea salt
2 pounds boneless pork shoulder, sliced 1/4 inch thick
1/2 medium pineapple, peeled and sliced 1/2 inch thick
1 medium red onion, sliced crosswise 1/2 inch thick
Warm corn tortillas, chopped cilantro and lime wedges, for serving

In a medium saucepan, heat the 1 tablespoon of oil. Add the garlic and cook over moderately high heat, turning occasionally, until lightly browned, about 1 minute. Stir in the oregano, cumin, pepper and cloves and cook until fragrant, about 1 minute. Add the chiles and cook, stirring, until blistered in spots, about 30 seconds. Add the pineapple juice, vinegar and achiote paste and bring to a boil. Remove from the heat and let stand for 5 minutes.

Transfer the chile mixture to a blender and puree until smooth. Season with salt. Scrape the marinade into
a large, sturdy plastic bag.
Add the pork and turn to coat. Set the bag in a small baking dish and refrigerate overnight.

Light a grill or preheat a grill pan. Brush the pineapple and onion with oil. Grill over high heat, turning once, until lightly charred and softened, 3 to 5 minutes. Transfer to a carving board and tent with foil.

Remove the pork from the marinade. Grill over high heat until lightly charred and just cooked through, 2 to 4 minutes. Transfer to the carving board and let rest for 5 minutes.

Cut the pineapple, onion and pork into thin strips and transfer to a bowl. Season with salt. Serve with corn tortillas, chopped cilantro and lime wedges.

Barbecued Shrimp (or Pork, or Beef) with Tomato Salad

1/3 cup packed basil leaves, plus extra leaves for garnish
1/3 cup extra-virgin olive oil
Kosher salt and freshly ground black pepper
2 1/4 teaspoons sweet smoked paprika
1 1/2 teaspoons pure ancho chile powder
1 1/2 teaspoons light brown sugar
1/2 teaspoon ground cumin
1/4 teaspoon ground coriander
1/8 teaspoon cayenne pepper
24 jumbo shrimp, shelled and deveined
2 tablespoons canola oil
3 large yellow heirloom tomatoes (1 1/2 pounds), sliced 1/4 inch thick
1 small red onion, halved and thinly sliced

In a blender, puree the 1/3 cup of basil leaves with the olive oil until smooth. Season the oil with salt and black pepper.

Light a grill or preheat a grill pan. In a small bowl, mix the sweet smoked paprika with the pure ancho chile powder, light brown sugar, cumin, coriander, cayenne pepper, 1/2 teaspoon of salt and 1/4 teaspoon of black pepper. Brush the shrimp with the canola oil and season all over with the spice mixture. Grill the shrimp over moderately high heat, turning once, until they are lightly charred and cooked through, about 4 minutes total.

Arrange the tomato and onion slices on a platter and drizzle with the basil oil. Top with the shrimp, garnish with the remaining basil leaves and serve.

Ginger-Garlic Grilled Shrimp (or Chicken, or Pork)

SHRIMP
1/2 cup vegetable oil
1/4 cup finely chopped parsley
2 tablespoons minced garlic
2 tablespoons finely chopped basil
1 tablespoon minced fresh ginger
2 tablespoons fresh lemon juice
2 teaspoons kosher salt
1 teaspoon crushed red pepper
2 1/2 pounds large shrimp, shelled and deveined

DIPPING SAUCE
1 tablespoon vegetable oil
1 tablespoon minced fresh ginger
1 large garlic clove, minced
3 stalks of fresh lemongrass, tender inner bulb only, minced
1 1/2 pounds tomatoes—peeled, seeded and coarsely chopped
1 tablespoon fresh lime juice
2 tablespoons chopped cilantro
Kosher salt

In a large bowl, mix the vegetable oil with the parsley, garlic, basil, ginger, lemon juice, salt and crushed red pepper. Add the shrimp and toss to coat. Cover and refrigerate for at least 2 hours and up to 4 hours.

In a medium saucepan, heat the vegetable oil. Stir in the ginger, garlic and lemongrass and cook over moderate heat until fragrant, about 2 minutes. Add the tomatoes and cook over moderate heat, stirring occasionally, until slightly thickened, about 10 minutes. Let cool to room temperature, then stir in the lime juice and cilantro. Season with salt. Transfer the sauce to ramekins.

Light a grill. Loosely thread the shrimp onto 10 skewers. Grill over moderately high heat, turning once, until lightly charred and cooked through, about 5 minutes. Transfer the shrimp to plates and serve with the tomato sauce.