Phad Phrik Khing with Tofu and Long Beans

6 dried guajillo, California, or pasilla chilies, stemmed and seeded (45g)
6 medium cloves garlic, roughly chopped (30g)
2 medium shallots, peeled and roughly chopped (60g)
2 to 6 red Thai bird chilies (to taste), roughly chopped
1 large bunch cilantro stems (about 1 ounce; 30g), roughly chopped
3 fresh or dried makrut lime leaves (see note above), hard central stem removed and discarded, leaves roughly chopped
1 stalk fresh lemongrass, bottom 3 to 5 inches only (40g), tough outer leaves removed and discarded, tender core thinly sliced
1 (1-inch) knob galangal, peeled (see note above)
1/2 teaspoon (2g) freshly ground white or black pepper
Kosher salt
3 tablespoons (45ml) vegetable oil or coconut oil
1 (12-ounce; 340g) block firm tofu, cut into 1- by 1- by 1/2-inch squares, pressed firmly between paper towels
1 pound (450g) green beans or long beans, trimmed and cut into 1 1/2-inch lengths
1 tablespoon (14g) sugar
1 tablespoon (15ml) soy sauce

Steamed jasmine rice, for serving

Place chilies in a heatproof container and cover with boiling water. Cover and set aside for 10 minutes. Meanwhile, place garlic, shallots, Thai chilies, cilantro, lime leaves, lemongrass, galangal, ground pepper, and 1 tablespoon salt in a mortar and pestle. Pound into a rough paste. Drain chilies, add to mortar, and continue pounding until a rough paste has formed. Alternatively, chop all ingredients in a food processor (see note above).

Heat 1 tablespoon (15ml) oil in a wok over medium-high heat until shimmering. Add tofu, spread into a single layer, and cook, occasionally shaking pan gently, until crisp on first side, about 3 minutes. Flip tofu and continue cooking until second side is crisp. Transfer to a bowl and set aside. Add another tablespoon (15ml) oil to the wok and increase heat to high. When oil is smoking, add beans and cook, stirring and tossing occasionally, until blistered and tender, about 3 minutes. Transfer to bowl with tofu.

Add remaining tablespoon (15ml) oil to wok and return to high heat until lightly smoking. Add curry paste all at once and cook, stirring continuously, until aromatic and sizzling, about 1 minute. Return tofu and beans to pan, along with sugar and soy sauce. Stir and toss to combine and coat tofu and beans in curry paste. Season to taste with more salt if desired. Serve immediately with steamed jasmine rice.

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